Smart Buoy Remote Subsea Monitoring

Case Studies | Remote Monitoring

Smart Buoy Remote Subsea Monitoring

Remote subsea monitoring solutions


One of Australia’s largest energy operators engaged Harvest Technology Group to develop a unique remote monitoring smart buoy solution to enable the transmission of live data trends from sensor readings from offshore subsea assets, viewed securely by its onshore operations team. 


Traditional subsea monitoring and retrieval of data requires a suitably sized vessel with onboard remote operated vehicles (ROV) and a full suite of inspection personnel. Obtaining information from such methods can take weeks and months, leading the customer to rely on retrospective data when making critical operational decisions. This delay between inspections created the potential for issues to go unnoticed until the next inspection which could be scheduled at a much later date.

In addition to time and safety concerns in working on water, traditional monitoring methods also come with a significant expense and environmental cost to the customer. Recognising this and looking to improve efficiencies, the customer sought a way to future-proof its operations by adopting remote monitoring technology. A visit to inspect an individual asset would typically inherit a six-figure cost upwards of $125K per day, and the customer would have to undertake multiple visits through the year scheduled around available weather windows in order to inspect its assets and retrieve relevant data.


To meet the customer’s requirements Harvest custom-built a remote subsea integrated monitoring solution utilising acoustic transfer to transmit data through the water from the monitoring structure on the seafloor to a buoy on the surface. The buoy acts as a modem to communicate this information back to shore. The data is securely transmitted via the web, providing stakeholders with real-time access to the information they need in any location at any time. This allows the customer to receive live data from the sea floor to facilitate critical decision-making.

Harvest employed its proprietary Nodestream™ technology to transmit this data at a fraction of the bandwidth typically required with low latency. Harvest designed a self-powered system to operate for a long period of time without the need for ongoing in-person inspection and maintenance and the solution will alert onshore headquarters if there is a major change in sensor readings so they can intervene on an informed basis. 

Harvest manufactured this solution in partnership with two other Western Australian businesses, Ausco Products and Land and Sea Services, who provided the engineering design and construction and electrical services for the construction of the structure.


The development of a subsea remote monitoring solution that transmits live data from the seafloor to an onshore location alleviates the customer’s challenge of relying on retrospective data for critical operational decisions.

With this technology, the customer can receive remotely recorded measurements and monitor the status of its asset in real time. The data can be viewed live through a secure web portal and analysed by key stakeholders.

The system is also capable of alerting onshore headquarters when there is a significant change in sensor readings. This allows the customer to respond quickly in emergencies or closely monitor the situation until intervention is required.

Having dynamic, live information instead of retrospective data enables the customer to have a better insight into the condition of its assets, providing them with enhanced capabilities at a significantly reduced cost. Instead of multiple visits to an asset for data capture at a cost of $250k each and waiting on weather conditions, the customer’s associated operational costs are reduced by more than 50%. Implementing a technology solution, rather than relying on traditional inspection methods, also reduces the customer’s carbon footprint by up to 90%.


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